Net Zero

Waste Heat Recovery
Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage
Energy efficient building


To meet the challenge of future energy demands, the European Commission has created several energy policies to support access to secure, affordable, and sustainable energy supplies. These policies aim to increase the share of renewable energy sources (RES) to at least 27% of the total energy consumption by 2030 and 55% by 2050. We are working to improve the performance of different RES technologies to achieve the policy objectives.


Having both the baseload and dispatchable mode of operational capabilities, sustainable geothermal energy will replace the role of current fossil-based baseload power plant (such as coal etc.), promoting more and more intermittent renewable energy (such as solar, wind etc.) integration into the power grid of the future decarbonised power grid. Geothermal has by far the lowest carbon footprint (20-30 kg CO 2 /MWh), to be compared to those of biogas (150-250 kg CO 2 /MWh) or fossil fuels (500-1000 kg CO 2 /MWh).

However, geothermal is currently the most underutilized of renewable resources, even though it is in principle, via Engineered Geothermal Systems (EGS), possible to use anywhere. A key issue with deep geothermal is the high cost. Today, it is mainly cost-effective only in geologically active areas such as Northern Italy, Turkey, Iceland, etc. This becomes increasingly important as renewables such as wind and PV solar are intermittent and focussed on electricity production while traditional electricity production (nuclear, fossil) is being phased out. And this is combined with a potentially large increase in demand for electricity via electric cars and the rapid development of global economies. With a few exceptions, currently almost all of the geothermal plants are supported under feed in tariff schemes. Therefore, its cost competitiveness needs to be improved. We are working on several technologies to improve the performance of geothermal power plant.


Solar PV based nano grid is a very good option to ensure affordable energy access for the off-grid communities across the Sub Sharan Africa and South Asian countries. This will enable to achieve SDG 7, whilst simultaneously ensuring the productive use of energy, accelerating economic activities. We are working with our partners to deploy novel technologies based on nano grid in Madagascar and Philippines. Nano-grid with cooling and water pumping will directly enable micro-entrepreneurs, will provide food security and speed recovery after catastrophic events (floods/typhoons/tsunamis/earthquakes), which are frequent in these regions.